July 23, 2014

Emily's Scrapbook

Emily Meek was my husband's grandmother who died when he was quite young.  A few of her things have trickled down to us, one of which is a very battered, deteriorating scrapbook filled with what must have been the prized collection of her youth.
Pasted inside are dozens of Lion Coffee collectable cards, carefully saved from the one pound sacks of coffee probably purchased by her parents.  I believe she saved these as a youth because intermingled with the cards are awards of merit from school and classmate's name cards (to be discussed in a future blog).

Lion Coffee was first roasted and bagged in 1864 in Toledo, Ohio by L. B. Shattucck, who also had a spice grinding business, all located on Summit Street. The Lion Brand Company carried on under several different owners until 1882.
After the Civil War, a young man named Alvin Woolson, returned home to Ohio, and after trying his hand working with the railroads in the West, he came back to Wauseon, Ohio, where he started in the grocery business in 1875.  Eventually, he married and moved to Toledo where he formed the Woolson Spice Company, after buying the foreclosed Lion Brand Co.  
He wanted to make Lion Coffee a nationally known brand and he worked hard at advertising. Much money was spent on newspaper advertising and big ad campaigns.  Buyers could save wrappers or cut out lions' heads to turn in for premiums. Giveaways included dolls and sheet music.   Offering these colorful picture cards, some three dimensional, in every pound of coffee was another lure to buyers.
Woolson retired and in 1897, he sold his business for about two million dollars.

But the subsequent owners did not do well, and eventually, the assets of the company were taken over by the Lucas County, Ohio, Common Pleas Court.  Lawsuits had been filed against the new owners for fraud.  And there it was until 1980 when a company from Hawaii obtained the rights to the Lion Coffee name and the assets of the old Woolson Company.  Lion Coffee was born again in Hawaii and can be purchased today under that name.

The cards in the scrapbook are bright in color and beautifully printed.  Sadly, I have not been able to safely remove some of them from their glued existence on the yellowed scrapbook paper.  About half have just fallen off the page and remain in great condition.

Front and back views of some stand-up shadow pictures

"The cup that cheers but not inebriates."
"A luxury within the reach of all."
"Lion is the King of Coffees!"
"A beautiful picture card in every package."

July 17, 2014

News from Levi Enck's Family

About a year ago, I wrote of the family of Alice Catherine Hollabaugh and her husband, Henry Enck.   From reading that post, Jack Reichert, a researcher on the Enck family, wrote to say that he thought that that Henry Enck was a son of John Enck, brother to his great-grandfather, Levi Enck.

According to Jack, the immigrant Enck came to the United States in 1743, sailing from Rotterdam in Holland on the ship, Snow Charlotte, which landed in Philadelphia.  The family mostly settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, near Brickerville in Dundee, later known as Lexington.  

Henry Enck later moved to Monroe Township, Cumberland County, PA, in 1837 where he bought 120 acres of land which he farmed.  This Enck homestead was constructed sometime between 1840 - 1850, Jack said.
He began his story of his Enck line with Henry Enck, Sr., born August 17, 1796, who married first, Anna Mary Schiffler.  The couple had one child named Henry, born in 1817. 

Henry Enck

 Anna died, perhaps in childbirth, and Henry Sr. married again to Anna Khiel. 
The couple had 12 children.
The children of Henry Enck, Sr. and Anna Kiehl Enck were:

George A. Enck 1821- 1899
John Enck  1823 - 1903
Elizabeth Enck  1824 - 1877
Mary Ann Enck   1826 -1909
Jacob Enck  1828 - 1903
Anna Enck   1830 - 1877
Catherine    1832 - 1923
Reuben Enck   1834 - 1907
Isaac Enck   1836 - 1919
William Henry Enck   1838 - 1913
Hiram K. Enck   1840 - 1922
Levi Enck    1847- 1923

Like clockwork, a child arrived into the Enck family every two years or so, until little Levi, who may have been a surprise in 1847!

Henry Enck, in later years
 Thanks so much, Jack for this story of your line of the Enck family.  The daughter of the 13th child of Henry Enck Sr. was Jack's grandmother.  

July 13, 2014

Platt Camp's Box

Thanks to Ian Camp for this story and the photos!  I love when this blog leads me to the great family stories I know are out there somewhere.

Ian's parents obtained this box indirectly at an auction held in Earlville, NY.  The box was actually purchased by someone else, but later, upon pleading that it was a family heirloom, the original owner let his parents buy it back for the price that was paid at auction.
Yes, it's a handmade box.

 We're not really sure what it was intended to hold.

 But the worth of it lies under the lid...
The couple who had consigned the box to the auction used to live in the house Platt Camp built on Putnam Street in Waterville, NY.  (To read about Platt Camp,
Did Platt construct the box or did he have someone make it for him, later to have the name inscribed?  One of the mysteries.
But isn't it great that it survived and made it back into family hands?

July 8, 2014

Adam Bittinger, The Immigrant, 1698 - 1768

Much has been written online and in books about Hans Adam Bittinger and especially, his son, Nicholas, a Revolutionary War soldier and prisoner of war of the British. His sons, Christian and Frederick are also found on the Revolutionary War rolls.
 Much of the story can be read in the Biographical History of York County, Pennsylvania, edited by John Gibson, 1886, pages 60-61...here. 
The History of York County, Pennsylvania by George Reeser Prowell in 1907, also has a good summary for Joseph Bittinger, grandson of Adam...here.

To add something different, perhaps, is this query from the Harrisburg Telegraph, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, February 25, 1882, page 6.  A correspondent to the paper from Kentucky was trying to trace the family line.

 On April 22, 1882, the Harrisburg Telegraph posted this interesting notice concerning the land and family after the above query was in the paper.


Information is asked by a correspondent from Kentucky relative to the descendants of Adam Bittinger.  Some friend has kindly responded by sending us the following, valuable and interesting contribution to the genealogy of the German families in Pennsylvania

I. ADAM BEITINGER bought, May 7, 1753, a tract of land form John Shauman which he had take up three years previous, and located (now on the Carlisle turnpike) three miles northwest of Hanover, York county, Penna.  This farm is now owned by William Bittinger, Esq. of Abbottstown.  From the records of the Orphans' Court of York county, it is seen that on the death of Adam Bittinger, his oldest son Nicholas presented a petition beginning thus:
'That his father, Adam Bittinger lately died intes'a'e, leaving a widow named Sabina, and lawful issue to survive him, namely the petitioner, Nicholas Bittinger, Henry, Michael, Peter, Marillis, George, Adam, Christian, Frederick and Eva'
The petition was presented September 1, 1768, and it further appears from the records that on May 30, 1771, Nicholas Bittinger, by paying certain sums to the heirs became the owner of this tract of 190 acres.

II. NICHOLAS BIETTINGER (as he spelled his name) was born in 1725, and died May 2, 1804, and is burried in the Lutheran cemetery, at Abbottstown.  He was a man of great energy and force of character, as a soldier and citizen.  He was successful in the accumulation of property and within six miles of Hanover owned some ten good farms, and also owned in Franklin county almost an equal number of choice tracts of land.  He had a family of nine children, two sons, JOSEPH and JOHN, and seven daughters.  John was never married, and died in Baltimore, Md.   Joseph, during the lifetime of his father, obtained the old 'Shauman tract.'  A deed executed Dec. 21st, 1798, by Nickolas Bittinger and his wife Christina, conveys this land to their son, Joseph, 'as well for and in consideration of love and affection.'   The son, however, did not long survive his father.  He died July 26, 1804, and is buried in the same graveyard, having attained only to the thirty-second year of his age.

III. JOSEPH BITTINGER, just mentioned, had a family of five children, all sons, John, Joseph, Henry Frederick and George.

IV. JOHN BITTINGER died near Alexandria, Va. and left a family of six children, four sons and two daughters.  Joseph, one of the sons, died some years ago.  Edard C. is a Chaplain in the U. S. Navy; Benjamin and Michael are ministers.

V. JOSEPH BITTINGER, born November 13, 1794, died September 27, 1850, on the old homestead (Shauman's tract) which he owned, and is buried at Hanover.  His family consisted of twelve children:
 i. William, born Nov. 21, 1820, resides at Abbottstown, Pa.
ii.Henry, b. Nov. 13, 1821; d. April 22, 1879 at Hanover, Pa.
iii.Joseph B., b. March 30, 1823; graduate of Penn's College and Andover Theological Seminary, Pastor of Presbyterian Churchat Sawickly; a fine speaker, elegant writer and a Doctor of Divinity.
iv.Ellen C. b. Aug. 13, 1824; m. Geo. Wolf; d. March 33d, 1875
v. Edward B., b. Nov. 14, 1825, d. Sept. 21, 1859 at Chicago, Ill.
vi.Rebecca E., b. Aug. 21, 1827; m. to Dr. J. M. Brenneman of Freeport, Ill.
vii. George W., b. May 13th, 1829, now in Leadville, Colorado.
viii.John Quincy, b. March 20, 1831, graduate of Dartmouth College, and Andover Theological Seminary, pastor of Congregational church of St. Albans, Vt.
ix. Daniel, b. April 10, 1833; d. June 8, 1848 on the homestead.
x. Anna Maria, b. January 10, 1835, resides in Chicago, Ill.
xi. Howard Nicholas, b. April 12, 1839; resides in Des Moines, Iowa.
xii. Charles Lewis, b. May 25, 1841; graduate of Franklin and Marshall College; resides in Dakota.

VI.  HENRY BITTINGER, now in his eighty-sixth year; has one son, John W., a member of the York bar, and two daughters.  He lives with one of the latter at Middletown, Ohio.

VII. FREDERICK BITTINGER - died recently at his residence in Littlestown, Pa.

VIII. GEORGE BITTINGER died about two years ago at the residence of his daughter in Hanover, Pa.  He had three daughters" 

July 6, 2014

Michael Bittinger of Adams County, Pennsylvania

Our line - Elizabeth Bittinger Hollabaugh, Jacob Bittinger, and now George Michael Bittinger, great-great-great-great grandfather.

In most records, this fellow was just named as Michael, but sometimes he appeared as George Michael.  Again the best document I began with in my research was the will, and quite an interesting one it was.  Dated in March, 1811, it preceeded his death by about fourteen months, as Michael died on May 29, 1812 in Franklin Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania. He was 80 years old when the will was written, quite an advanced age for the era.

Here is the will as it was written (with commas added for clarity) -
"In the name of God, Amen, I, Micaell Bittinger of franklin township, County of Adams and State of Pennsylvania....being sickly in body, but of Sound Mind and Memory and understanding, blessed be God for the same and Considering the uncertainty of this transitory life, do make and publish this my last will and testament in maner and form following to wit -
Princebelly and first of all, my commit my immortal soul into the hands of God who gave it and my Body to the earth to be buryed in a cristian like maner at the dscretion of my Executors here after named, and as to such worldly Estate wherewith it both peased God to bless me in this life, I give and dispose of in the same in the following maner to wit -

I Give and Devise until my Dear wife Elisabeth, one Milk Cow and Sheep, one feather Bead, Bedstead, and Beding and Spining Wheel, one chest, one iron pot, one Stove and full posesion of the home we now ocupy and the one half of the Bond of Mentinance Given unto us by Jacob my Son During her Natural Life, and immediately after my Decease, the remainder of my personal Estate to be maid Sale of and Divided Equally Share and Share alike to them and their Heirs or the Survivors of them to wit- Frederick, Elisabeth, Micaell, Susannah, Pegy, Andrew, Catharine, Poley, Christian, Mary and unto my sone, Jacob, I Give and Devis all my Real Estate to wit, the plantation in which (I) now live, franklin township With Paying one Hundred and fifty pounds to the rest of my children in maner folowing,

to my Son Frederick in the third year after my Deceas forty Dolars,in the forth year after my Decease to Betsy forty Dolars, the fifth year after my Decese to Michael Bittinger forty Dollars, The sixth year after my Decease to Susanah G Minder (?) forty Dollars, The seventh year after my Decease to Peggy Foal forty Dollars, The eighty year after my Deceas to Andrew Bitinger forty Dollars, the Ninth year after my deceas to Catherine Coser forty Dollars, The Tenth year after my Decease to Polley Cross forty Dollars, The Eleventh year after my Deceas to Christina Humel forty Dollars, and The Twelfth year to Mary Bittinger forty Dollars or the survivor or survivors of them and the heirs of such survivor or survivors equally to be divided between them.

And lastly, I nominate constitute and appoint my said two sons, Jacob and Andrew Bittinger, to be the Executors of this my will, hereby revoking all other wills, legacies, and bequests by me heretofore made and declaring this and no other to be my last will and testament. This __ March Eighteen hundred and eleven signed, sealed, published, pronounced, and declared by the said testator as his last will and testament in the presence of us who in his presence of us and at his request have subscribed as witness.
Jacob Bushey  
Jacob Sauble                               Michael Bittinger"

(Commas do make a difference, don't they?)

Most researchers place the date of Michael's birth at December 21, 1731, making him 81 at the time of his death.  His wife is named as Elizabeth and, as was the custom of the time, she is given the the bed and a few other items important to her well-being and what amounts to a life lease on their home.  The "Bond of Maintenance" would suggest that an agreement was made with Jacob to take care of his parents and allow them to live in their home until her death, while he inherited the farm, commonly called the plantation in those days. Elizabeth received one-half that Bond of Maintenance at Michael's death.
In the final accounting of the will was an inventory of "good(s) will'd to the widow" which showed her inheritance to be worth $31.50

We also know, without a doubt, the names of the children of Michael and Elizabeth Bittinger who were alive at this time: Jacob, Frederick, Betsey (Elizabeth), Michael, Susannah, Peggy (Margareta), Andrew, Catherine, Polly, Christina and Mary - a total of eleven.  We also learned that four of the daughters were married by 1811 - Susannah, Peggy, Polly and Christina and we have their married names.  

Although an appraisal was done, no auction was noted nor were there any bills of sale for any of the items, so it would seem that they stayed with the farm.  Many tools were listed for wood cutting and wagon making and farming, and items for the kitchen, and then again, there was a Bible and books, a fur hat, and other items of Michael's clothing.  The most expensive items appraised were a windmill at $12.00, a watch for $8.00 and a sidesaddle and bridle for $10.00.  

It would seem certain that Michael and Elizabeth Bittinger were buried in Adams County, but I have yet to locate their tombstones, if they still exist.


June 30, 2014

Jacob Bittinger of Adams County, Pennsylvania (1781-1864)

I am clearly not done with researching this Bittinger family, but I had to put the brakes on somewhere for now, so I could start writing about what I do know!  This has been a challenging family to follow in that first names are repeated generation after generation and as in all very early records...well, sometimes they are not there or I just haven't found them.

Elizabeth Bittinger (daughter of Jacob Bittinger) was my husband's great-great grandmother and wife to George Hollabaugh, all of Adams County, Pennsylvania.  Their son, William Levi Hollabaugh, moved to Indiana and settled there as a young man, beginning our branch of the family.  William Levi's story is here. 
George and Elizabeth Bittinger Hollabaugh's story is here (Part 1) and here (Part 2).

My research actually began with Jacob Bittinger's will, which kindly named at least the children who were living at the time of the writing.  Jacob Bittinger died on August 28, 1864, but he wrote his will on December 8, 1863.  By that time he was 83 years old, a good, old age for that time, and it seemed probable that he knew his end was near as he declared himself "weak and sick" in the will itself.
His signature on the will also indicated his feebleness at the time, to the point where his last name was unreadable.

I've put in bold some significant information found in the will and added a few commas for readability. 
The Will, as obtained at the Adams County, Pennsylvania Historical Society in Gettysburg:
"In the name of God, Amen.  I, Jacob Bittinger, being weak and sick in body, but of sound and disposing mind & memory, do make & pronounce this my last will & testament as following, to wit ~
 First, I give and bequeath to my son, Andrew Bittinger, a lot of mountain land containing about ten acres, it being the same lot which I bought off the Boyd property,
 I give and bequeath to my son George all my interest to claim to the undivided half part of a tract of mountain land adjoining lands of Frances Cole, Heirs of William Bell & others & being the same tract which James Russell & I held in partnership.
I give & bequeath to my son, John, a tract of mountain land adjoining the heirs of Wm. Bell, James Russell & other land of my said son, John Bittinger containing about 30 acres,
I give and bequeath to my Daughter, Elizabeth, (now intermarried with Geo. Hollebaugh), a lot of land adjoining land of John Bittinger, George Bear & other containing about ten acres more or less & it is further my will & I order that
my son, John shall have one hundred Dollars out of the first money that comes to hand as a compensation for vituals, Horse feed, Labor, and attendance at my funeral.
Also I give & bequeath to my Granddaughter, Louisa C. Bittinger, twenty five dollars for her trouble & attendance to me in my last sickness.
It is my will & I order and direct that the residue of my estate real, personal & mixed shall be divided between my children, John, Andrew, George & Elizabeth, share & share alike & lastly,
I nominate and appoint my sons, Andrew Bittinger & John Bittinger, my Executors of this my last will & testament hereby revoking and making void all wills by me heretofore made, giving to said Executors full power & authority to sell and convey my real estate to the purchasers for the best price they can get for the same.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand to seal this Eigth day December A. D. 1863."

Jacob's wife, Elizabeth, had died on April 12, 1847 at the age of 66.  So, in the 1850 census, Jacob was 68 years old and still living as head of household and farming on a farm in Franklin Township, Adams County, PA.  With him were Charlotte Keffer, 60, and Sam'l Bittinger, 40, and Sarah Bittinger, 25.  Samuel was noted to be "idiotic" - meaning, I believe, developmentally disabled, according to the census enumerators' instructions for that year.  I'm not sure who the women were who were staying in the house, but I'm sure they were needed to take care of the adult Samuel, as well as Jacob. Apparently, Samuel died sometime between 1850 and when the will was written in 1863, as he was not noted.

By 1860, Jacob had moved in with his son, John, and wife, Anna.  Hence, the behest of $100 to John in the will, for taking care of his father.  Louisa Bittinger was John's youngest daughter who would have been about 16 or 17 at the time of her grandfather's death.  Apparently, she had given Jacob good care and companionship while in her father's home for Jacob to single her out of all his grandchildren for a gift of $25.00.

So, why was Jacob's son, George Bittinger, left out as one of the executors?  A little research into the newspapers of the time told me the reason.  In The Adams Sentinel, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on April 24, 1866, I found this notice:

The newspapers right after Jacob died had notices showing that John was the guardian of his brother, George, along with Henry Gilt and Samuel Fahnestock, perhaps attorneys or friends of Jacob. George Bittinger may have been in an asylum or home of some kind, as he does not appear with his father or brothers or sister in the censuses.  The State Lunatic Asylum was in Harrisburg, not far from the Bittinger home, and it had been open since the mid-1840s, so it seems possible that George could have been there. Information on patients is restricted and I don't think they were enumerated in the census, so I've not been able to confirm that. Apparently, George Bittinger died in 1866, as the notice above refers to his estate.

Back to the will...I would say that Jacob Bittinger held quite a bit of land in the area, as the executors sold lots here and there.  That and the collection of notes owed gave a total of over $8,000 in their first accounting to the court.  Of course, there were expenses to the estate as well.  Geo Thomas was paid $24.00 for a coffin, Rev. J. H. Miller $3.00 for conducting funeral services, James L. Taylor $1.50 for digging a grave, and William Meale $28.00 for Jacob's tombstone. Taxes, stamps, appraisal fees and other costs had to be included, as well.


A sale was held of Jacob's "goods and effects" on October 1, 1864.  John Bittinger, bought his father's razor and strap (.05), a book (.01), the family Bible (.37 1/2), a lot of hats (.04), a clock and case ($3.25), a weave loom (.15) and a threshing masher ? ($16.75).
His brother, Andrew, purchased a tan? boot ($2.15), a shumaker bench (.85), and a woolen cot/coat ($2.25).  Elizabeth's husband, George Hollbaugh bought only a lot of books for .02.  A powder horn sold for .02!  
Oh, and where did that family Bible land after 150 years?




June 17, 2014

Christopher Hollabaugh (Sr.) - Great-Grandfather x 4

When researching the Hollabaugh line, one has to be creative in spelling -  Hollabaugh, Hollebaugh, Hollebach, Hollibaugh, Hollobaugh, Holabagh, and so on!  This Christopher Hollabaugh, the gggg-grandfather for us, was found under all those spellings, I believe.

His birthdate is estimated at 1750 by some, but I haven't found that information anywhere as yet.  He appeared in the 1790 census and on until his last one in 1810, as he died in 1812.
In 1786, his name was found on the Pennsylvania Tax and Exoneration list for Mt. Pleasant Township,then in York County, PA.  He was assessed a tax of 17 shillings and 6 pence for his acreage, two cows, and two ? (unreadable).  

In the U.S. Direct Tax Lists of 1798 of York County, PA, his tax was assessed on one "out house" with one story, two windows, and twelve lights. (I'm not sure what the "lights" were.)  The outhouse referred to an additional building, other than the main dwelling house, and it was made of logs and measured 20 feet x 16 feet.  He was assessed for two acres and the adjoining property owner was John Norpike.  This tax was assessed by the federal government to help in America's military buildup, and amazingly many of the tax records survived.

In 1800, both Christopher Jr. and Sr. appeared on a tax list for Mt. Pleasant Township. The tax was assessed at 22.8 cents per $100. Christopher Jr., a weaver, was assessed at $212, while his father was assessed at $759.

On November 1, 1800, Christopher Sr. deeded over to his son, Philip, several houses and implements to help with farming, all for the sum of $1.00.
 The behest was made "in consideration of the natural love and affection which I bear unto my son, Philip Hollobough, and for his betterment in Life and the increase of his portion."  Philip was given two houses and barns(?), one plough and tackling (probably for the horses), one log chain, one iron harrow, and one waggon.

As usual, the best information on the family came from Christopher Sr.'s will in which he names all of his living and deceased children.  Written and signed on September 21, 1807 and filed in Adams County, Pennsylvania, the will read:

"I Christopher Hollibaugh of Mount pleasant township in the county of Adams and state of Pennsylvania, being of sound mind memory and understanding, considering the uncertainty of this life, do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following to wit
Principally ad first of all I commend my soul into the hands of God and my body to be buried in a Christian like manner at the discretion of my Executors herein mentioned and as to such worldly estate give and dispose of the same in the following manner to wit:
I give unto my loving wife Cathrena Hollobaugh the Bead and Bedstead that she usually sleeps in and a cow for use during her life and the same Bead and cow is to be sold by my said executor and I do order my executor to pay all my just debts and Funeral expenses and further I do give all the rest of my estate unto my executor of whatever kind it may be to be sold by him and the money arising to be aplied to paying my debts and the remainder to be applied at the discretion of my executor in suport of my wife if he thinks necessary, and the balance then remaining after her dec'd to be equally divided among my children and grandchildren to wit:

First, unto my daughter Mary, intermarried with Michael Gimber, then unto my son Christopher Hollobaugh, then unto my son, Martin Hollobaugh, then unto my daughter Susanna, intermarried with Henry Little, then unto the two children of my dec'd son William Hollobaugh, the unto the children of my dec'd daughter Cathrena which was intermarried with Jacob Enk, so that my son William's two children will get together one equal share, as also my said daughter dec'd, her two children is also to have one equal share with the rest of my children named above.  Philip only excepted for he hath already rec'd his shares out of the plantations, the aboves are to receive their money i rotation as they are named herein and lastly, I do nominate and appoint my friend, John Slagle, to be my executor of this my last will and testament, hereby revoking all other wills or Legacies heretofore by me made.  
In testimony, I Christopher Hollobaugh do sign seal and publish this instrument of writing to be my last will and testament as witness my hand and seal the twenty first day of September one thousand eight hundred.    Christopher Hollobaugh."

The will was presented in court in Gettysburg, PA on September 30, 1812, so his death date was before that time in 1812.  All farms, at the time, were termed "plantations."

Although the will has some convoluted sentence structure, the gist is that Christopher Sr. took care of his wife, Cathrena, giving her not only the bed and bedstead and a cow, but really everything, at the control of the executor, until she, too, died.  Then we know that Philip was given for $1.00 enough to get him started on his own back in 1800.  Undoubtedly, the other children received something, but not as much as Philip, so the estate would be divided among them.
Christopher's sons, then, were Christopher (Jr.)*, Martin, William (deceased) and Philip.
His daughters were Mary Gimber (Michael), Susannah Little (Henry), Cathrena, deceased (Jacob).

I have not been able to find his place of burial, but a good guess might be the cemetery at Littlestown where Christopher Jr. was buried.